Who hasn't enjoyed lounging on the beach with a good book? Some will prefer it as a thriller, while others will live the passion of a romance. Books are a must for our summers.
Did you know that since its creation, the Côte d'Azur has been a source of inspiration for many authors, many of whom are well known? French or even foreigners, all of them have found something special and unique.
We invite you to discover all these magical places that have inspired the greatest classics of literature and to see, through their eyes, a new facet of Nice Côte d'Azur.
It has always been obvious that the City of Light has been able to bring out that little something that has made artists and, in our case, writers, sensitive.
"A beautiful courtesan, softly lying on the edge of her azure mirror, in the shade of her orange trees in bloom, with her long hair abandoned to the sea breezes, and whose waves would come to wet her bare feet, for Nice is the city of sweet laziness and easy pleasures..."
("A Year in Florence", Alexandre Dumas, 1841)
Close to the port of Nice, bordering the old town, is a place that dominates the Promenade des Anglais. The Hill of the Castle is an unmissable viewpoint. But this green setting has not yet revealed all its secrets.
"Many hidden corners and silent heights in the landscape of Nice have been sacrificed for me by unforgettable moments"
(Ecco Homo, Friedrich Nietzsche, Mercure de France, 1909).
Numerous authors have succeeded one another, as if there was something magical about this place and it attracted lovers of words, as if their sensitivity brought out all its depth. The philosopher and author Friedrich Nietzsche spent long hours here admiring the city, the lights, the water, so much so that today the highest terrace on the castle hill bears his name. It is as if the echo of his thoughts still floats in the air, permeating the stones with their depth. Louis Nucéra, the Nice author of the Avenue des diables bleus (1979), also found something strong in this place: "Dying to die, it is while looking at Nice from the Castle Hill, the cemetery next door, that I would like to leave".
From up there, you can admire two really different points of view. On the east side, you will discover magnificent Genoese houses in bright ochre, yellow, red, etc. colours. You can witness the striking contrast with the turquoise blue of the water. The port of Nice is, as you will have understood, a place where people have been living for many years. JMG Le Clézio, a native of Nice, having grown up there, remained marked by this buzzing climate: "On the port floated a cloud of exquisite smells that made the heart of any young boy dreaming of adventure beat" ("Préfaces", 1860-1960, Nice - one hundred years old", JMG Le Clézio, Giletta edition, 1997). The author clearly drew inspiration from this for his work "Le procès-verbal" (Gallimard, 1963).
On the other side, to the west, you will get lost in the contemplation of the orange tiled roofs of the "Vieux", as the people of Nice call it, surrounded by the green band of the Promenade du Paillon. Guillaume Apollinaire was the main admirer: "What magic, the Old Nice, its Genoese houses and the market on the banks of the Paillon? Here, it makes me nostalgic." (Letters to Madeleine, Guillaume Apollinaire, August 1, 1915).
Finally, if you prefer to lose yourself even more in serenity, why not explore the Nietzsche path to Eze? The German writer spent hours scouring this little seaside path, stopping to write and take notes, and is said to have found the inspiration for "Old and New Tables" there. He will evoke it in his novel Ecco Homo.
During your visit to Nice Côte d'Azur, you will surely be able to feel an atmosphere, a little something special, that you will only find here. Grégoire Laroque describes it as "a kind of nonchalance and warmth" that people radiate, and which he wanted to transcribe in his first book, Zilwa. So, have you, too, noticed this little extra, unique among the inhabitants? Don't hesitate to mingle with the locals and see for yourself the authenticity of the Azureans.
While many authors have travelled through Nice, many have decided to stay, not to mention those who were born there. Thus, many places have marked the daily life of these magicians of words.
The most important of them is the Lycée Masséna. Bordering the Promenade du Paillon, it has filled the heads of children, for nearly 400 years, with a knowledge that would have, if we look at the results, the power to transform them into accomplished authors: Guillaume Apollinaire, Romain Gary (Lithuanian), Grégoire Laroque (from Nice), or Valentin Musso (Guillaume Musso's little brother, from Antibes). You can only admire the magnificence of this place, almost resembling a castle... And one can almost understand how their imagination became so fertile...
In a more individual way, other places were marked (or were marked...) by writers. This is notably the case of the National Theatre. Didier Van Cauwelaert discovered a talent for theatre during his studies at the Lycée Estienne d'Orves. He will play on stage Huis clos, by Jean-Paul Sartre. As a small anecdote, the young student had not thought to ask permission to reproduce a play by another author, so he was refused the right to perform. He then wrote to the main interested party who granted him with great pleasure. After his performance, he received a letter from Sartre congratulating him on his performance, which had brought out the humour he had originally written.
Another place of prime importance for one of our authors, the Villa Santo Sospir in Saint-Jean-Cap-Ferrat, where Jean Cocteau stayed. This villa influenced the author's artistic movement, which was able to return the favour: "You shouldn't dress the walls," he declared two years later, "you should draw on their skin. That's why I treated the frescoes linearly, with the few colours that enhance the tattoos. Santo Sospir is a tattooed villa." (Villa 1952). The villa is registered since 1985 in the inventory of the Historical Monuments.
It is currently being restored, but will open its doors in 2021.
Let us now head for Cagnes-sur-Mer, an important town for Georges Simenon. At 98 montée de la Bourgade (in the Haut de Cagnes) is "la maison du bonheur" as he called it. We still find clues of his passage, but especially of his love for his wife: the letters S and D intertwined on the wrought iron ramp (S of Simenon and D of Denyse, his wife). (Autobiographical book "Quand j'étais vieux", Presse de la Cité, 1970).
As one could imagine, these places, having cradled the writers, having marked their lives, found themselves in their novel.
Place Garibaldi is an important place in Max Gallo's Baie des Anges trilogy. It is the place of the first meeting with the city of the Revelli brothers, the three characters of the novel. "The Piazza was square, rough like the climate of Piedmont, similar with its arcades, symmetrical buildings, with noble facades decorated with columns and classical pediments, to the squares of Cuneo or Turin. (...) Yet despite the grey facades, like the Piedmontese sky and architecture, the square was Mediterranean in its liveliness, the colours of the roofs, the voices, the brightness of the light" (1975-1976). In the middle of this large square is the statue of Garibaldi, a meeting place for employees looking for work. Here, employers came to select the people they needed for the day. "Carlo, Luigi and I. We would sit in Garibaldi Square and wait for the job to come, and if someone came, we had work to do." This perfectly reflects a cultural characteristic of the time. While waiting to be hired, the three brothers would go to the Café de Turin, a mythical gathering place in Piazza "He would enter the Café de Turin. The smell of wet sawdust and tobacco, the music, the boys' voices, little had changed."
The flower market is a must in Nice, located in the Cours Saleya. In his novel La Fuite de Mr Monde (La jeune Parque, 1945), Georges Simenon deals with the search for oneself through the character of Norbert Monde having left everything at the age of 48. "He walked through the flower market, where they swept through armfuls of stems and buds, faded petals that took on the smell of All Saints' Day". So take the time to stroll between the stalls, let yourself be carried away by the smell of flowers, perhaps you will feel the same emotion as Mr. Monde.
Let's move on to a place full of poetry. Just like the carousels, don't you find that the bandstands exude something... magical? This is probably what Louis Nucéra must have thought when he wrote his novel "Kiosque à musique" (1984) in homage to the famous monument in the jardin Albert 1er. He made it the meeting place of his two characters, Jean and Mireille, but above all the symbol of their love. Can you hear the soft sound of music floating in the air? You can take advantage of this discovery to stroll through the garden to admire fountains, plants and statues.
Nature inspired our authors a lot, and what could be more "natural" in the city centre than a park? Come on, take a newspaper and go sit on one of the benches in the Alsace-Lorraine garden. Take the time to listen to the birds singing, the sound of leaves being blown by the wind, the smell of flowers floating in the air... But yes, you are in the city, following in the footsteps of Jean, the main character in Patrick Modiano's novel Dimanche d'août (Gallimard, 1986). He and his companion Sylvia came to read their newspaper on the bench near the swings before going for a walk in Cimiez.
"I like this place because of the umbrella pines and the buildings that stand out so clearly in the sky."
Finally, the pages of words take us to the discovery of the mythical Negresco Hotel, overlooking the Promenade des Anglais.
His story is told in Nice, la vision intime d'un écrivain (1979) by Raoul Mille. He also appears in Les Amants du Paradis (1987), by the same author, where his hero, Edoardo, lives a love story with Gloria, against the backdrop of his occupation in Nice. Why not take a moment to admire this magnificent façade, this jewel of the Belle-Epoque? Then turn around and let yourself be overwhelmed by the beauty of the Promenade des Anglais. We're going to let you in on a secret. You will never find the same light on the Promenade, tanto vivacious and bright, it can become dewy, even violet. But hush! This place full of magic can be savoured, because never again will you see something so beautiful and poetic...
Let's now leave for Villefranche-sur-Mer, to discover a mythical place from the novel La Délicatesse by David Foenkinos, winner of the Prix Goncourt des Lycéens in 2014. Charlotte, the main character of the book, half-German, half-Jewish, finds refuge in the Hermitage villa during the Second World War. Wander through the narrow streets of the city, stroll along the seaside, marvel at the colourful facades of the houses glued together. Enjoy, you are here in one of the most beautiful harbours in the world!
Avenue Guy de Maupassant, rue Alexandre Dumas, Bibliothèque Romain Gary or Louis Nucéra, many authors have left their mark in the cities of the Nice Côte d'Azur area. We challenge you to find all the places paying tribute to these literary artists.
But let's stop for a moment in Vence, a medieval village with unparalleled charm, for a last stop. There is the Villa Alexandrine, where the Polish writer Witold Gombrowicz lived from 1964 to 1969. In its apartments, there is now a museum dedicated to the author. As you leave and without leaving this magnificent building, stop by the tourist information office, which will give you all the keys to visit the city.
Discover even more places with the map below. Explore the past of the writers of Nice, or those whose hearts are undeniably linked to this land.